English

Global English and the teaching of pronunciation

Global English and the teaching of pronunciation

Global English and the teaching of pronunciation

With the emergence of so many different international languages, many linguists have questioned the use of native pronunciation models in English teaching methods.

  • What is global English?
  • What are the implications of EIL for pronunciation?
  • The findings from research
  • What are the implications for pronunciation teaching?

What is global English?

Today, the word “global English” is increasingly used. This means that English is spoken in all regions of the world between speakers in a particular country who use the first language and speak in different countries / the first language.

Only those who learn English to communicate with native speakers in the UK, North America, Australia and New Zealand, do native speakers no longer speak English. It is also spoken internationally in different countries of the world / countries other than the first language of the first language, even in countries other than the mother tongue of countries such as India, the Philippines and Singapore. The latter use of English is often referred to as “English as an international language” or EIL, this type of English. Here I concentrate on about 1.5 billion people, the largest English-speaking group.

What are the implications of EIL for pronunciation?

With the emergence of so many different international languages, many linguists have questioned the use of native pronunciation models in English teaching methods. Their argument is not always the most obvious accent, when the accent of the native speaker communicates with other speakers other than native speakers.

As for the clear pronunciation of EIL, it is necessary to determine which pronunciation function is important for mutual understanding, when a native speaker speaks English with a speaker different from another mother tongue, and this is not important at all. .

The findings from research

In my research, I analyzed the interaction of speakers who do not speak English as their mother tongue. The goal was to know which function of the English pronunciation of British rice and rice is indispensable for easy pronunciation. This discovery was formed at the center of pronunciation for professors known as the Apple Franca Core (Lingua Franca Core). This shows that it is intended as a guide for the interaction of Lingua Franks, and not the interaction between native English speakers and native speakers. The core features of Apple Franca’s core are …

  • All consonants are important, except for “th” sound, such as “thin” or “it.”
  • Consonant clusters are important at the beginning and at the end of a word. For example, you cannot simplify a cluster of words “string” to “sting” or “tring” to make it easier to understand.
  • Important is the contrast between long vowels and short vowels. For example, the difference between a vowel and a vowel is “sit” and “sit.”
  • Nuclear (or tonic) stress is also needed. This underlines the most important word (or syllable) in a group of words. For example, “My son uses a computer” is a neutral statement, and there is a difference in the meaning of “My son uses a computer.” Students do not use computers).

On the other hand, many other subjects that regularly learn English pronunciation courses do not appear to be essential for understanding the EIL exchange. It …

  • ‘th’ Sound (see above).
  • The difference between the quality of vowels, that is, the length of the vowels is not related. A German speaker sometimes says “e” in the word “chess” as “a”, like the word “cat”.
  • Weak forms such as “to”, “of”, and “from” often have their vowels expressed as schwa, rather than the ideal quality.
  • Other features of a connected voice, such as assimilation (the final sound of a word will change like the first sound of the next word, so “red ink” will be “repainted”, for example).
  • Word stress
  • Elevation movement.
  • Stress time.

All these things are said to be important for native speakers, as they are believed to help clarify or make accents more appropriate.

What are the implications for pronunciation teaching?

  • Students should choose. In other words, in order to allow students to learn English and use it in an international context with other non-native languages ​​of different first languages, the pronunciation is related to EIL intelligibility, you should usually become better than the curriculum says. Until now, the goal of the professor of pronunciation was to emphasize the accent of the language as closely as possible. However, in the case of EIL communication, this is not the most obvious emphasis, and some non-core elements are unclear by other external media.
  • Non-core subjects are important not only for clarity, but also socially more appropriate. After all, native speakers have different emphasis depending on the area where they were born and live. Why aren’t native speakers of internationalized languages ​​allowed to do the same?
  • Finally, students need to be familiar with other English accents in the pronunciation class so that the speaker can easily understand it, even if they do not yet have basic functions. In the case of EIL, this is much more important than studying in-class media accents.

ennifer Jenkins, lecturer in Sociolinguistics and Phonology at King’s College, London 

First published in 2002

How to Greatly Improve Your English Pronunciation in 8 Steps

How to Greatly Improve Your English Pronunciation in 8 Steps

 I found a great article to improve English pronunciation of you.
The original Article from : Here

How to Improve Your English Pronunciation: 

8 Tips to Talk Like a Native

How to Greatly Improve Your English Pronunciation in 8 Steps

1. Learn to listen.

Before you learn to speak, you need to learn to listen. Some sounds may be difficult to hear when listening. Sleeping backs? Did he hurt his jaw and jaw? If you can hear the difference, it will make the difference easier. Those who can listen to words are easier to pronounce.

2. Notice how your mouth and lips move.

When you speak, you move your mouth. The way you move your mouth affects how you pronounce the words. The first step to correct the shape of the mouth is to notice, pay attention. There are several ways to make sure your mouth and lips are in the right shape.

Please use a mirror. This is the easiest way to tell what your mouth is doing during a call.
Put a finger in front of your lips (as you say “shh”). Do not move your fingers when you speak.

You should feel your lips leaving your fingers or pushing your fingers.
Looking at other people, I notice the shape when they say my lips and lips. Please follow your favorite TV show and movie. Can you repeat the face and sound that the actor makes?

3. Pay attention to your tongue.

The main difference between rice and lice is your tongue. When you speak, you move the tongue and distribute the sound. You would not notice without thinking. It is a good idea to understand what your language is doing to improve your pronunciation in English.

Difficult sounds made by non-native carriers are the letters “L” and “R” and the sound “TH”. Everything you say correctly is your language!

To create an “L” sound, your tongue should touch your mouth and above your mouth, right behind your teeth. Let’s try now: let’s say the word “light.” I will say this several times. I feel where your tongue is in your mouth. Please make sure it touches your mouth.

Your tongue should not touch your mouth to make an “R” sound. Return the mouth in the middle and, of course, draw a tongue next to the tongue, if you do not say anything. When you speak this sound, your lips are slightly rounded. Try at once: say the word “right” several times.

When you speak, you should feel that the air is blowing between your mouth and mouth. You should also feel that your lip will be slightly rounded at the sound.
This time for the sound “TH”. If there is no such sound in your native language, it may seem strange.

To produce this sound, place your tongue between the upper and lower teeth. Your tongue should stretch slightly between your teeth. If you blow air out of your mouth, avoid getting air between your teeth and your teeth. Try it now: say the word “think.” I repeat several times. Press the tongue between the teeth.

Because I knew where to place my language, do you hear the difference?

4. Break words down into sounds.

Words consist of syllables or parts. For example, the word “syllable” has three syllables, syl-la-ble. Transforming words into parts facilitates pronunciation.

To see the number of syllables included in the word, place your hand under the chin. Say the word slowly. Every time your chin touches your hand, it’s a syllable.

You can also partially write the word. Place a space or draw a line between each syllable (for each syllable at least one vowel is required: a, e, i, o, u, y). Say the word now. Please stop slowly after each syllable. Isn’t that so easy?

5. Add stress to sounds and words.

English is the language of stress. That is, some words and sounds are more important than others. You can hear it when you say the words loudly. For example, the word “enter” sounds finally energized, so it sounds like that. “In-Tro-Duce”

Sometimes a place where stress puts on words that can change the meaning of words. Speaking of “presentation”, I am talking about a “noun”, meaning “this moment” or “gift.” If you say “Present”, you are talking about a verb. It means “give or see.”

There is a rule in which every stress puts stress. There is one rule:

Most of the two syllable nouns are underlined in the first syllable, and the majority of the two syllable verbs are underlined in the second syllable.
This is another example. The noun “ADDress” is where you live, and the verb “addRESS” should speak to someone.

If this seems too complicated, do not worry about learning all these rules. The best way to learn is to listen and practice. Please remember that most English speakers do not know the rules. They say that “the sound is right.” If you exercise enough, you can get the right sound.

The proposals also present stress. A few words are more important and speak with clarity and power than the rest of the text. Read this sentence: “I ate butter toast in the morning”

Sentences should be heard like this. (Bold words – underlined words): “I ate buttered toast in the morning.” How do you slow down and become something important every time you become an important word?

Let’s continue to read aloud, talk, listen to places where other people are stressed when talking.

6. Use pronunciation podcasts and videos.

There are some great video and audio guides for English pronunciation that you can use to improve.

7. Record yourself.

One way to see if your exercise works is to record yourself using the camera. Use a camera, not just a voice recorder. Not only listen, listen, it is important to see how to speak.

8. Practice with a buddy.

As usual, “practice is beautiful!” And practicing with friends is easy. Find people to practice your pronunciation through people, language exchange and online communities such as Interpal.

Practicing with friends (friends), you will have the opportunity to try everything you learn and learn new things from each other. Plus, it’s fun!

Pronunciation is more important than learning English as a vocabulary and grammar. Thanks to these eight tips, you can immediately pronounce English as a native.

 

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